By Sigmund Koch, David E. Leary
This reissued version (originally released by means of McGraw-Hill in 1985) of "A Century of Psychology as technological know-how" assesses the accomplishments, prestige and customers of psychology on the finish of its first century as a technological know-how, whereas supplying a brand new postscript. The essays replicate the forty three individuals' particular disciplines, but converse to the wider thematic factor of "fundamental psychology". one of the fields addressed are sensory methods and conception, studying, motivation, emotion, cognition, improvement, character and social psychology. This paintings studies psychology's first century and goals to supply a clean perception on psychology because it enters its moment century.
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Additional resources for A Century of Psychology As Science
Princeton University Press, 1941; 1944. Mach, E. The analysis ofsensations and the relation ofthe fihysical to the psychical (C. M. Williams & S. ). New York: Dover, 1959. (Originally published, 1886; trans. ) Mill, J . S. A n examination of Sir William Hamilton’s philosophy and of the principal philosophical questions discussed in his writings (Vol. IX). In J . M. ), Collected works. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1979. ) Robinson, D. N. Systems ofmodern psychology: A critical sketch. New York: Columbia University Press, 1979.
Ameaningful thinking tends to rely on crutches: rules, codes, prescriptions, rigid methods. In extreme forms it becomes obsessive and magical. The tendency of ameaningful thought to register its object as faceless, undifferentiated, psychically distant-to be, so to say, cognitively anesthetic vis-a-vis its object-I call “a-ontologism” (if the term may be forgiven). ” A-ontologism and method-fetishism may, in fact, be regarded as the definitive marks of ameaningful thinking. O n the other hand, meaningful thinking involves a direct perception of unveiled, vivid relations that seem to spring from the quiddities, the particularities of the objects of thought, the problem situations that form the occasions of thought.
Tendency to select-usually on extraneous bases like amenability to “control’’ or to contemplated modes of mathematical treatment-a “simple case” and then to assume that it will be merely a matter of time and energy until the “complex case“ can be handled by application of easy composition rules. Tendency to accept on authority or invent a sacred, inviolable “selfcorrective” epistemology that renders all inquiry in the field a matter of application of rules which preguarantee success. Corollary to the preceding, a view of all aspects of the cognitive enterprise as so thoroughly rule-regulated as to make the role of the cognizer superfluous.
A Century of Psychology As Science by Sigmund Koch, David E. Leary