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By Joseph J. Godfrey (auth.), Joseph J. Godfrey (eds.)

ISBN-10: 9024733545

ISBN-13: 9789024733545

ISBN-10: 9400934998

ISBN-13: 9789400934993

Few reference works in philosophy have articles on wish. Few are also systematic or large-scale philosophical stories of wish. wish is admitted to be vital in people's lives, yet as an issue for learn, wish has mostly been left to psychologists and theologians. For the main half philosophers deal with desire en passant. My objective is to stipulate a basic conception of desire, to discover its constitution, varieties, pursuits, reasonableness, and implications, and to track the results of this type of thought for atheism or theism. What has been written is sort of disparate. a few see wish in an individualistic, usually existential, means, and a few in a social and political means. wish is proposed by means of a few as primarily atheistic, and by way of others as incomprehensible open air of 1 or one other form of theism. Is it attainable to imagine continuously and while comprehensively in regards to the phenomenon of human hoping? Or is it numerous phenomena? How may there be such diversified understandings of so important a human event? On what rational foundation may possibly humans fluctuate over no matter if desire is associated with God? What I supply here's a systematic research, yet one labored out in discussion with Ernst Bloch, Immanuel Kant, and Gabriel Marcel. Ernst Bloch in fact used to be a Marxist and formally an atheist, Gabriel Marcel a Christian theist, and Immanuel Kant used to be a theist, yet now not in a standard way.

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The Complete Poems oj Emily Dickinson, ed. Thomas H. , 1960), p. 116. 37 CHAPTER 7 HOPE-IN Those who hope in you shall not be disappointed. Psalm 25 (Grail) A hope which is aimed at an objective is essentially a desiderativecalculative hope. Differing from such a hope, there seems to be a disposition which is not aimed at any objective. Where does such reflective analysis leave the hope-in expressed in, for example, Gabriel Marcel's "I hope in thee for us," or in expressions like "My hope is in you"?

But there can be hoping for which the ultimate unavailability of X does not mean that, when this becomes known, the person necessarily ceases to hope. He or she does cease to expect X. The kind of hope that Marcel attempts to illumine is one where, for example, a person, finally certain that he is about to die, and accepting this, still holds an attitude that can be called neither defiance nor capitulation. 4 If desire is specific, such a hope is not specific. If desire is covetous and egotistical, this hope is not.

The one who hopes must at least believe that what is hoped for is good. Whatever is hoped for is taken to be good, taken, in the scholastic phrase, sub ratione boni (under the aspect of good). This does not mean that what is hoped for is unqualifiedly good; it does mean that, whatever it is, the aspect of it according to which it is desired is an aspect which is taken as good. To desire cigarettes, for example, is to want them not precisely insofar as they are a health hazard, but despite the hazard.

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A Philosophy of Human Hope by Joseph J. Godfrey (auth.), Joseph J. Godfrey (eds.)


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